Larus marinus Linnaeus, 1758

Great Black-backed Gull

CLASSIFICATION

Main Group: Animal

Sublevel 1: Vertebrate

Sublevel 2: Bird

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Phylum: Chordata

Class: Aves

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Laridae

Genus: Larus

Species: Larus marinus

STATUS IN NEW ENGLAND

Origin: Native (Nonbreeding/Overwintering), Recent (Breeding)

Invasive, Pest, or Pathogen?: Yes

Listing:
See Notes

Rarity Designations:
VT - state rank: S1B,S5N
MA SWAP (2015) - SGCN

BIOLOGY/ECOLOGY

Feeding Type: Heterotroph

HABITAT

ASSOCIATED SPECIES

NOTES

Gulls in general are often considered to be a nuisance for their tendency to flock around areas containing food or garbage, occasionally stealing food or attacking people. They may also be a nuisance when they nest on buildings and leave droppings that may cause property damage or health concerns. The Great Black-backed Gull is known to predate the nests of the federally-threatened Piping Plover (Warren, 2016).

REFERENCES

Warren, D.J. 2016. Management of Predators at Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge, Massachusetts for the Enhancement and Protection of Threatened and Endangered Shore Nesting Birds. May 2016 - August 2016 Summary Report. Submitted to U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge. Prepared by David J. Warren, USDA, APHIS Wildlife Services. August 18, 2016.

PHOTOS OF Larus marinus

PHOTOS OF SPECIES ASSOCIATIONS